ERIC Number: ED329059
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990
Reference Count: N/A
The Cognitive and Social-Emotional Correlates of Color Deficiency in Children.
Wilkinson, William K.
Although color vision deficiency is a prevalent problem in childhood, little is known about the cognitive and social-emotional variables linked to this difficulty. A review of the literature revealed seven empirical articles exploring the psychological functioning of color-deficient children, with the results yielding contradictory findings. The equivocal nature of past research is believed due to two research weaknesses: inadequate theoretical rationale of the outcome variable to be linked to color deficiency; and lack of internal validity, which is manifest in faulty designs and poor assessment instruments. An investigative protocol is recommended to minimize research difficulties and lead to a more accurate psychological description of the color-deficient child. The protocol recommended is structured around the initial two sections of an empirically based study: introduction and methods. An ideal introduction would consist of a theoretical rationale emphasizing why color deficiency should be associated with certain cognitive and social-emotional variables and would indicate what measures can be used to determine differences between children with low functional vision compared to adequate functional vision. Recommended methods include use of the anomaloscope and use of pre-group equating to reduce the source of possible confounds. (19 references) (Author/JDD)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Color Blindness
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Arizona Educational Research Organization/Rocky Mountain Educational Research Association (Phoenix, AZ, 1990).