ERIC Number: ED328933
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Video-Modeling and Pre-Performance Apprehension: Ignorance Is Bliss.
Newburger, Craig; Hemphill, Michael
A study examined the effect of successful and unsuccessful video models on pre-performance public speaking anxiety of students enrolled in basic communication courses. Two hundred twenty-five students enrolled in the basic communication courses served as participants. Subjects were divided into four conditions according to how the instructions for their first in-class public speaking assignment were given: (1) subjects not confronted with video models; (2) subjects confronted with a successful video model; (3) subjects confronted with an unsuccessful video model; and (4) subjects confronted with both a successful and unsuccessful video model. Results revealed that video modeling as an instructional strategy does not significantly minimize student pre-performance apprehension and that there was no significant difference between the effects of the successful and unsuccessful video models in altering student anxiety. Results also revealed that the introduction of both successful and unsuccessful video models actually produced more anxiety as an outcome of specific prescriptions of appropriate behaviors. Findings suggest that the narrower range of acceptable behavior produced by the video versus the audio models (reported in earlier studies) may result in heightened student concerns about evaluation, performance, and self-related issues. (One table of data is included.) (KEH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Personal Report of Communication Apprehension
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Speech Communication Association (Atlanta, GA, November 1991).