ERIC Number: ED328885
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Increasing Comprehension by Activating Prior Knowledge. ERIC Digest.
Christen, William L.; Murphy, Thomas J.
It appears that the value of providing students with strategies to activate their prior knowledge base or to build a base if one does not exist is supported by current research. Creating an opportunity to challenge students to call on their collective experiences (prior knowledge) is essential. Through this process, teachers move students from memorizing information to meaningful learning and begin the journey of connecting learning events rather than remembering bits and pieces. Prior knowledge is an essential element in this quest for making meaning. Teachers should remember to: (1) present information which builds background ideas, concepts, and principles; (2) show (do not tell) through demonstrations, multi-media use, and graphics; (3) use outside resources, trips, and speakers; and (4) tell about the topic from personal experience. (RS)
Descriptors: Content Area Reading, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Learning Processes, Learning Strategies, Prior Learning, Reading Comprehension, Teaching Methods, Thinking Skills
ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Indiana University, 2805 E. 10th St., Suite 150, Bloomington, IN 47408-2698.
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; Guides - Classroom - Teacher; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Bloomington, IN.
Identifiers: ERIC Digests; Knowledge