ERIC Number: ED328866
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Bully-Victim Composition in Students in a Department of Defense Elementary School.
Madonna, Stephen, Jr.; And Others
This study examined the incidence of bullies and victims in a Department of Defense Dependents elementary school located in the Philippines. The average age of the students responding was approximately 10.7 years. The gender composition of the sample was 54% female and 46% male. No race information was obtained. The Bully Questionnaire was distributed to students (n=191) in grades 4, 5, and 6. The scale consists of nine questions designed to assess: (1) the child's self-perception, as well as his/her perception of others; (2) how the child reacts or responds to bullies; and (3) demographic data regarding the characteristics of bullies and victims in the sample studied. As this was a preliminary study, no information on the reliability or validity of the instrument was available. Findings of the overall data revealed that bullies were more often male and older than their victims. Interestingly, bullies harassed both boys and girls with approximately the same frequency. Findings suggest that girls are more likely to label themselves as bullies at an earlier age, older children (both boys and girls) perceive the bully or aggressor as being male, and boys perceive themselves as being picked on more often than girls. Changes in overall perception occurring between fourth and sixth grade, an experiential change occurring in sixth grade, and the onset of puberty are offered as explanations for differences. (BHK)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the Southwestern Psychological Association (35th, Houston, TX, April 13-15, 1989).