ERIC Number: ED328848
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Bullying at School: Toronto in an International Context. Research Services No. 196.
Ziegler, Suzanne; Rosenstein-Manner, Merle
Both familial and school factors relating to bullying behavior have been documented, and studies indicate that such behavior patterns may be long-term and even inter-generational. Scandinavian data indicate that three percent of children experience bullying very frequently. British and Irish studies suggest a significantly higher rate, between 20 and 30 percent; and an American study identified about 10 percent of students as seriously/frequently victimized. Bullying has been a major concern in Japan also. The Toronto study, which involved children in 22 classrooms in 17 schools, as well as a majority of all staff members and several hundred parents, found rates similar to the British ones, and higher than those for Scandinavia. About one child in seven admitted to bullying more than once or twice a term. The study also found significant gender and age correlates of bullying and victimization. The most ambitious and well-documented intervention was mounted in all Norwegian schools. The program attempts to restructure the school environment to one where bullying is an unacceptable behavior where those involved take personal responsibility for both prevention and intervention. At the two schools where the program was evaluated, the incidence of bullying decreased by one-half. (LLL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Toronto Board of Education (Ontario). Research Dept.