ERIC Number: ED328838
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Dominance and Friendliness: On the Interaction of Gender and Situation.
Moskowitz, D. S.
This study was conducted to examine systematic effects associated with the gender of the participant, the situation, and the interaction of gender of participant and situation for two personality characteristics, dominance and friendliness. Subjects were 24 women and 21 men recruited through a student publication at a university. Subjects were observed twice in each of three types of situations: with a familiar person of the same sex, with an unfamiliar person of the same sex, and with an unfamiliar person of the opposite sex. Observations by independent observers were collected using behavior counts and ratings. In addition, self-reports about dominance and friendliness in different situations were collected. The results indicated that both gender and familiarity of partner influenced dominance and friendliness. Women were friendlier than men, particularly when they were interacting with same-sex individuals. Men were more dominant than women, particulary when with a same-sex friend. There was evidence of systematic errors in the self-reports, suggesting that men overestimate their degree of friendliness relative to women and that women overestimate their level of dominance relative to men. (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Canada; Dominant Behavior; Friendliness
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (98th, Boston, MA, August 10-14, 1990).