ERIC Number: ED328676
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
The 1984 Literacy Campaign in the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen. A Case Study. Notes, Comments...No. 183.
Fara, Mohammed Saeed; Fisher, Nigel
In 1984, the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen undertook a nationwide literacy campaign, which mobilized the entire nation in an effort to reach an estimated 194,000 illiterate people, 77 percent of them women. The campaign plan demanded the full and active participation of formal school teachers and students at secondary level and above as literacy teachers and supervisors. The campaign lasted from July to December to take advantage of the summer vacation. School in rural areas was also delayed until January 1985 to allow students to participate. The Higher Committee for the National Literacy Campaign designed strategies and concrete activities to achieve campaign objectives--to eradicate illiteracy among 12- to 35-year-old females and 12- to 40-year-old males. Mobilization extended beyond the education sector to involve Local Defense Committees and mass organizations, the media, and special activities to stimulate interest. Literacy activities included transmittal of literacy teacher training and literacy lessons by television and radio; incentives to motive students and teachers; organization of literacy teachers and supervisors into cells, units, and platoons, which allowed for a flexible, informal approach; and development and distribution of literacy materials. Results indicated an overall participation of 187,000 illiterates. It is estimated that over 155,000 of these joined the ranks of the literates as a result of the campaign. (A diagram of the campaign's organization is appended.) (YLB)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: United Nations Children's Fund, New York, NY.; United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).