ERIC Number: ED328133
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Equity of Higher Educational Opportunity for Women, Black, Hispanic, and Low Income Students. ACT Student Financial Aid Research Report Series 91-1.
Mortenson, Thomas G.
This report presents the results of a study that was conducted concerning the progress through the educational system, since the enactment of the Higher Education Act of 1965, of four large groups of Americans: women, Blacks, Hispanics, and low family income students. The study found that women have made steady and substantial progress over the last 40 years compared to men, and by the late 1980s, their chances of earning a baccalaureate degree were very nearly equal to those of men. The progress of Blacks compared to Whites was stalled after the mid-1970s. Progress in high school graduation and college access was offset by increased attrition in college. Consequently, Blacks' chances for a baccalaureate degree remained only half those of Whites. The low-income family student's chances of earning a baccalaureate degree improved during the 1970s, but was found to be deteriorating sharply during the 1980s. Educational equity achieved by Hispanics as a whole was found to parallel that of Blacks. For Mexican-Americans, however, nothing seems to have helped improve their preparation for and participation in American higher education by the late 1980s. Contains 113 graphs, 10 tables, and 24 references. (GLR)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Access to Education, Black Education, College Choice, College Preparation, Economically Disadvantaged, Educational Opportunities, Educational Trends, Equal Education, Higher Education, Hispanic Americans, Student Attrition, Womens Education
American College Testing, Educational and Social Research, P.O. Box 168, Iowa City, IA 53343.
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Information Analyses; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Coll. Testing Program, Iowa City, IA.
Identifiers: Higher Education Act 1965