ERIC Number: ED328088
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Discourse and Processing Constraints on the Production of Controlled Narratives.
Prideaux, Gary D.
A study investigated the role of certain discourse and language processing factors in the production of narratives under controlled conditions. Subjects watched a short segment from a movie and then narrated the events to a researcher. The narrations were taped, transcribed, and analyzed in terms of such factors as: (1) the number and types of clauses used (markedness); (2) the distribution of given and new information; (3) the relative orders of main and subordinate clauses (closure); and (4) the types of structures used to encode foreground and background events (iconicity). Results indicate that the given/new constraint, markedness, and closure are all relevant in the narratives, but that iconicity is not. Moreover, certain high transitivity features tend to correlate strongly with foreground events. It is concluded that certain principles originally proposed for language comprehension are also involved in language production. It is also found that the method used to elicit information from the subjects does produce non-random results. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Iconicity; Markedness
Note: Paper presented at the Meeting of the World Congress of Applied Linguistics sponsored by the International Association of Applied Linguistics (9th, Thessaloniki, Greece, April 15-21, 1990).