ERIC Number: ED328048
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Mar
Reference Count: 0
The Relationship between Knowledge of Story Structure and Question Comprehension in Young Hearing Impaired Children.
Kluwin, Thomas N.; Papalia, Julie
Thirty hearing-impaired children at a residential school for the deaf, a day school for the deaf, and a day program for the deaf in a regular public elementary school were shown picture books, asked to tell the story, and asked to respond to specific questions. Results showed that the ability to process questions was related to the structure of the information the respondent held. The ability to process simple identification questions was related to the presence of the response within the immediate environment, while the ability to comprehend questions involving predictions about events in a narrative not immediately present were related to the ability to retrieve the salient elements of the narrative. Questions involving the recall of detailed information or questions about causal relationships appeared to be dependent on the ability to retain more than the salient events of the narrative. It is concluded that simple linear curricula or testing procedures that are built on syntactic structures alone will not be accurate predictors of the hearing-impaired child's real ability or effective instructional devices. More global models of language development and processing are needed. (8 references) (JDD)
Descriptors: Comprehension, Elementary Education, Evaluation Methods, Hearing Impairments, Knowledge Level, Language Acquisition, Language Processing, Pictorial Stimuli, Picture Books, Prediction, Recall (Psychology), Residential Schools, Special Programs, Special Schools, Story Grammar, Story Telling, Teaching Methods
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Question Answering; Question Types
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, March 1989).