ERIC Number: ED327948
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990
Reference Count: N/A
School Culture, Motivation, and Achievement. Project Report.
Maehr, Martin L.; Fyans, Leslie J., Jr.
After defining school culture in terms of Organizational Culture, after Maehr and Braskamp (1986), this document presents three related studies, each based on data from a 1989 statewide assessment effort by the University of Illinois and the Illinois State Board of Education. The studies explore the relationship between school culture, motivation, and achievement. The first uses data collected from 9,693 high school juniors and examines school characteristics and family background in relationship to student motivation and academic achievement in specific subjects. The second study, drawn from the responses of 4,002 10th-grade students, explores the viability of the causal model in which school culture affects motivation, which, in turn, affects achievement. Also discussed are the influence of peer and family achievement pressure on motivation and achievement. The third study uses the same database as the second and examines the relative influence of the five dimensions of school culture--namely, accomplishment, power, recognition, affiliation, and overall sense of purpose--on student motivation. Lastly, the degree to which student ethnicity, enrollment orientation, and education of parents influence the effect the different facets of school culture have on motivation is discussed. Included are 3 figures and 14 tables. (66 references) (CLA)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Educational Environment, High School Students, High Schools, Leadership Responsibility, School Culture, School Effectiveness, Student Motivation, Student School Relationship
Publications, National Center for School Leadership, 1208 West Springfield, Room 208, Urbana, IL 61801 (Order No. PR-C003; $8.00).
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center for School Leadership, Urbana, IL.; MetriTech Inc., MI.; Illinois Univ., Urbana. Coll. of Education.; Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. School of Education.
Identifiers: Organizational Culture
Note: A revised version of this report can be found in a chapter of "Motivation Enhancing Environments: Advances in Motivation and Achievement" (1988, JAI Press, Greenwich, CT). This report should not be confused with EA 022 608, a different report with the same title.