ERIC Number: ED327816
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Literacy in an Emergent Society: Papua New Guinea.
Papua New Guinea has made tremendous progress by officially recognizing the value of vernacular languages as a resource in the sociocultural, economic, and political development of the country. Many of the strategies of implementation reflect the peculiarities identified with the current momentum in literacy. The strong lower level involvement in all aspects of literacy (planning, administration, funding, buildings, curriculum, materials, evaluation) differs from the experience of other countries whose literacy programs are heavily centralized. The problems of achieving universal literacy in a country with 860 languages are enormous. The task, however, is not impossible given adequate resources. International cooperation has a role to play in the spread of literacy in Papua New Guinea. The Australian government sponsors the Melanesian Literacy project in which people from the Melanesian countries (Vanuatu, Solomon Islands, and Papua New Guinea) are trained as literacy workers by Melanesians in Melanesia itself. Funding assistance should be with the aim of enhancing local literacy programs, and funding should reflect the needs of the people themselves. The availability of expertise in Papua New Guinea does not seem as urgent a problem as it was in the past. Many of the innovations in literacy programs will be refined as time goes on, but the future of literacy in Papua New Guinea is bright. (RS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Historical Background; National Policy; Papua New Guinea
Note: Paper presented at the International Literacy Year Colloquium (Washington, DC, October 9-31, 1990).