ERIC Number: ED327591
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Skills, Schools, and Signals. Institute on Education and the Economy Occasional Paper No. 2.
Berryman, Sue E.
This paper addresses the following questions: (1) What skills are needed in the U.S. economy? (2) What are citizens getting from U.S. schools? and (3) How does the United States get what is needed? The paper is divided into three sections. The first section, "The Transformation of the American Economy," examines the following data sources reflecting the skill implications of economic changes: (1) skill trends in employment by occupation; and (2) industry case studies of changes in the nature and structure of work. The second section, "Are We Getting What We Need from Our Schools?" discusses the following questions: (1) What do students need to learn? (2) Who should learn? (3) When should they learn? and (4) How should crucial thinking and work-related skills be taught? This section summarizes four broad contrasts that raise important questions about educational effectiveness for nonschool activity: (1) individual cognition in school versus shared cognition outside; (2) pure mentation in school versus tool manipulation; (3) symbol manipulation in school versus reasoning in out-of-school contexts; and (4) generalized learning in school versus situation-specific competencies outside. The third section, "How Do We Get What We Need from Our Schools?" endorses an assessment system that clearly signals performance expectations and standards. A list of 17 references is appended. (AF)
Descriptors: Accountability, Economic Change, Education Work Relationship, Educational Assessment, Elementary Secondary Education, Futures (of Society), Instructional Effectiveness, Job Skills, Outcomes of Education, Role of Education, Skilled Occupations, Skilled Workers, Thinking Skills
Institute on Education and the Economy, Box 174, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027.
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Columbia Univ., New York, NY. Inst. on Education and the Economy.
Identifiers: Cognitive Research; Cognitive Sciences
Note: Paper presented at the Business Council of New York State, Inc., and the New York State AFL-CIO conference, "Schools for the Future: Agenda for Action" (White Plains, NY, May 1, 1990).