ERIC Number: ED327451
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
From Brezhnev Doctrine to New Thinking: Soviet Reforms and European Security.
Lukaszewski, Witold J.
Mikhail Gorbachev has drastically altered the foreign policy of the Soviet Union, and in so doing has also brought about a new international political reality for all of Europe. This paper contrasts Gorbachev's "New Thinking" in foreign policy with the Brezhnev Doctrine (an approach associated with former USSR leader Leonid Brezhnev that characterized Soviet policy prior to Gorbachev) in terms of the effect the policies have had on conditions in central Europe. Under the Brezhnev Doctrine, the countries of central Europe retained nominal sovereignty, but in reality were ideologically submerged by way of Communist Parties in each state that were mere carbon copies of the party in Moscow. Gorbachev released the countries from this ideological yoke, and thus they have been freed to formulate foreign policies that reflect their own interests. While there is now more freedom throughout central Europe, there is also greater instability. This raises the paradoxical question of whether Europe was better off in times of the Brezhnev Doctrine than it is now. (DB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Brezhnev (Leonid); Europe; Gorbachev (Mikhail); USSR
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association (Washington, DC, April 10-14, 1990).