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ERIC Number: ED327050
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Does the Educational Level of Speakers Matter in Hungarian Language Use?
Kontra, Miklos
The standard spoken usage of a language is often referred to as the "educated" version of the language. This study investigated the degree to which this assumption applies to Hungarian. Data were drawn from the 1988 Hungarian National Sociolinguistic Survey of a stratified sample of 850 adult Hungarians. Subjects completed three major types of task, including: grammaticality judgments; spoken sentence completion; and spotting and correcting mistakes in a written passage. The questionnaire used contained heavily stigmatized grammatical features, items of divided usage in verb conjugation, hypercorrect items, items subject to ongoing syntactic change, and other variables. In general, results indicate that educational level of the respondent was not a discriminating factor in any of the 34 grammaticality judgment tasks or the 16 sentence completion tasks. It is suggested that the reason many educated Hungarians speak nonstandard or uneducated Hungarian lies in post-World War II national social history, including democratization of the educational system without increased pedagogical strength to accommodate the larger enrollments, the forced restructuring of Hungarian society, and some pressure to push working-class students into higher education. It is concluded that the equation of educated and standard language usage does not apply in Hungarian in general, but Hungarians whose parents are both university-educated use the standard Hungarian forms of the language. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Hungarian National Sociolinguistic Survey