ERIC Number: ED326823
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Evaluating an Empirically Based Parent Training Program for Divorced Families.
Wolchik, Sharlene A.; And Others
Felner's transitional events model, which views post-divorce adjustment as a function of the environmental stressors a child faces and the interpersonal and intrapersonal resources available to the child, was used as an underlying framework for the development of a parent training program for divorced families. Five modifiable factors found to be significantly associated with children's post-divorce adjustment were identified: (1) quality of the custodial parent-child relationship; (2) discipline strategies; (3) negative divorce-related events; (4) contact with the noncustodial parent; and (5) contact with and support from non-parental adults. Multiple strategies were used to change these factors in 11 group sessions and 2 individual sessions of the program. The groups consisted of five to eight custodial or primary residential mothers and were led by two of eight graduate students in clinical or community psychology. Measures of the putative mediators and of children's adjustment were obtained from both mothers and children pre- and post-intervention. A randomized experimental versus wait list control design was used to evaluate the program. At posttest, families in the intervention group reported better functioning than did families in the control group. The results suggest that the program was clearly effective in enhancing the quality of the mother-child relationship and in decreasing negative divorce related events. Positive program effects on discipline occurred for mothers' reports. Expected changes in father-child contact and support from non-parental adults did not occur. (NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (98th, Boston, MA, August 10-14, 1990).