ERIC Number: ED326804
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
The Relationship between Victim's/Perpetrator's Alcohol Use and Spousal Violence.
Miller, Brenda A.; And Others
This study examined the relationships between alcohol abuse and spousal violence for 96 women in alcoholism treatment as compared to these comparison groups: 78 women receiving mental health treatment; 98 women receiving services for family violence; 91 women from a random sample of households; and 100 women in a driver education program following arrest for driving while intoxicated (DWI), 41 of whom were classified as alcoholics. Respondents completed face-to-face interviews that included both structured and open-ended questions. Adult alcohol use was measured by questions on quantity-frequency of use and the Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test. Based on the Conflict Tactics Scale, verbal aggression, moderate violence, and severe violence were measured. The findings indicated that women in alcoholism treatment reported high levels of spousal violence when compared to women in the general population, women in mental health treatment, and DWI women. Levels of spousal violence were not as high for women in alcoholism treatment as were levels found in battered women receiving treatment for family violence. Regression analyses suggest that although alcoholism predicts spousal violence, spousal violence does not predict alcoholism. Despite some support for the relationship between spousal violence and women's alcohol problems, alcoholism does not appear to explain much of the variance in spousal violence. (NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (DHHS), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Society of Criminology (Baltimore, MD, November 7-10, 1990).