ERIC Number: ED326802
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Relationship between Women's Alcohol Problems and Experiences of Childhood Violence.
Miller, Brenda A.; And Others
The effects of childhood physical and sexual abuse on the development of alcoholism in women was examined by comparing 127 alcoholic women in treatment with two comparison groups. One comparison group was comprised of 83 nonalcoholic women in mental health treatment or receiving services for battering. The second comparison group consisted of 92 nonalcoholic women selected randomly from households in the general population. Face-to-face interviews were administered to all three samples. The Conflict Tactics Scale assessed both father-to-daughter and mother-to-daughter violence. Childhood sexual abuse was defined as sexual contact before age 18 with someone at least 5 years older and/or sexual contact involving a relative. Alcoholic women were significantly more likely to have experienced father-to-daughter physical violence and verbal aggression than either nonalcoholics in treatment or in the general population. Alcoholic women were more likely to have experienced mother-to-daughter physical violence and verbal aggression as compared to the general population but not as compared to the nonalcoholic treatment group. Alcoholic women were also more likely than either of the comparison groups to have experienced each of three forms of childhood sexual abuse: exposure/invitation, touching/fondling, and intercourse. Finally, alcoholic women were more likely than the general population to have experienced both physical and sexual abuse. Women's descriptive accounts suggest that victimization experiences lead to negative feelings about themselves and their lives, including lack of control, setting the stage for substance abuse as a coping strategy. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (DHHS), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (98th, Boston, MA, August 10-14, 1990).