ERIC Number: ED326648
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning: Problem Solving and Distance Education. Centre for Information Technology in Education (CITE) Report No. 75.
O'Malley, Claire; Scanlon, Eileen
Three studies of cooperative problem solving among university students examined how to design effective computer-based support for collaborative learning in distance education. The first was a questionnaire study of 150 Open University students who had participated in three different courses in physics and mathematics. Its aim was to determine students' participation in and preferences for cooperative work in their courses. The main finding was that although students expressed a preference for working alone, many participated in collaborative work in their courses and regarded such activities as helpful. More detailed investigation was needed to determine the nature of collaborative activities in which these students engaged and the ways in which they found them helpful. An observational study of group activities at summer school and a comparison of the use of two different kinds of interface for supporting synchronous cooperative problem solving were then conducted. The characteristics of successful divisions of labor observed in noncomputer-based activities suggested that one issue related to designing computer support for such problem solving is how to design appropriate tools and representations for joint activity. (Appendixes include 28 references and 5 figures.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Computer Assisted Instruction, Cooperative Learning, Distance Education, Educational Research, Foreign Countries, Group Activities, Mathematics Instruction, Open Universities, Peer Relationship, Physics, Problem Solving, Science Instruction
Institute of Educational Technology, Walton Hall, Open University, Milton Keynes, Great Britain MK7 6AA.
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Open Univ., Walton, Bletchley, Bucks (England). Inst. of Educational Technology.
Identifiers: Open University (Great Britain)
Note: Paper presented at the Computer-Assisted Learning 89 Conference (Surrey, England, April 11-14, 1989).