ERIC Number: ED326549
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990
Reference Count: N/A
The Education Reform Decade. Policy Information Report.
Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ. Policy Information Center.
An overview of educational reforms during the 1980s (1978-88) and their effects is presented for use by policy makers, practitioners, and interested citizens. The first section of this report, called "The Reforms of the 1980s", is based largely on a 50-state survey and a research report, both commissioned by the Educational Testing Service Policy Information Center. The second and third sections of this report, "Progress toward Excellence" and "Progress toward Equality," draw heavily on statistics and assessments carried out or funded by the National Center of Education Statistics. The "education reform decade" is most identified with state-level reform laws and policy changes that were initiated and carried out by governors and state legislatures. The decade is associated with what came to be called the "excellence movement", a shorthand reference to the reforms called for in the 1983 report of the National Commission on Excellence in Education entitled "A Nation at Risk." Since a great deal of state action was well under way by that time, particularly in testing, the reform decade is dated from 1978 for the purposes of this review. The following reform policy topics are addressed: high school graduation requirements; student testing; accountability; teacher standards; student and school district standards; and policy changes at the school level. Data on educational improvement are reviewed in the areas of reading, mathematics, science, civics, writing, student retention, and student effort. Topics associated with equal education include achievement gaps in reading, mathematics, and science as well as gaps in student retention and gender differences. Thirty-five figures are included. (TJH)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Accountability, Educational Change, Educational Improvement, Educational Trends, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Education, Excellence in Education, Graduation Requirements, National Surveys, School Districts, School Policy, State Programs, State Standards, Teacher Certification, Testing Programs
ETS Policy Information Center, Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ 08541-0001.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Policymakers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ. Policy Information Center.
Identifiers: Progress; Reform Efforts