ERIC Number: ED326352
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Successful Instructional Practices for Small Schools. ERIC Digest.
This digest presents recent findings about effective instructional practices for classroom teachers in small schools. In terms of instruction, small schools have two characteristics: a broader scope of teacher responsibilities and more instructional levels per classroom. Teachers in small schools have the opportunity to develop the student as a learner and to include collaborative learning experiences. Learning is the combined result of many variables; some are under the teacher's control and have strong effects on students' behavior, attitude, and achievement. These teacher-controlled variables include: (1) high expectations; (2) management and planning skills; (3) learning-oriented classrooms; (4) success rate; (5) appropriate learning activities; (6) engaged time; and (7) effective questioning. The typical small school classroom tends to have students with a broad range of age, knowledge, and experience, and students who attend small schools often approach each other for help and learn by teaching each other. Collaborative learning can provide a way to capitalize both on students' variety and their cooperative spirit. Collaborative learning may be used to: (1) focus on multiple ways to solve problems; (2) involve students in goal setting and self-monitoring; (3) produce positive effects through peer interaction, cooperation, and communication; and (4) organize groups to incorporate contributions of each student. Supporters of the collaborative classroom value heterogeneous student grouping; others hold the view that homogeneous grouping for instruction is sometimes necessary. This digest contains 10 references. (ALL)
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Cooperative Learning, Educational Strategies, Elementary Secondary Education, Instructional Improvement, Rural Schools, School Size, Small Schools, Teacher Expectations of Students, Teaching Methods
ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools, Appalachia Educational Laboratory, P.O. Box 1348, Charleston, WV 25325 (free).
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools, Charleston, WV.
Identifiers: Collaborative Learning; ERIC Digests