ERIC Number: ED326350
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Does One Way of Life Have To Die So Another Can Live? A Report on Subsistence and the Conservation of the Yupik Life-Style.
Davidson, Art, Ed.
Native American tribes and nations have lost their ancestral way of life. Open warfare, broken treaties, and well-intended programs to "save the Indians" have contributed to the demise of tribal Indian lifestyles. Many federal government programs for education, transportation, economic development, job training, and land management as well as fish and game policies have been damaging to the subsistence way of life, i.e., to the way in which Native Americans hunt and fish to sustain their culture as well as to meet basic human needs. For the Yupik Eskimos of the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta in Alaska, subsistence is not an isolated phenomena, but is interwoven into every aspect of their lives. Subsistence is threatened by modern development, from early European settlement to the current public policies in education, land use, economic development, and wildlife management. This report focuses on the various aspects of the subsistence way of life in relation to the following public policy issues: (1) economic planning and coordination of transportation, energy, and welfare; (2) land use planning, boundaries, management, and evaluation; (3) wildlife management, conflicts with subsistence users, and local control; (4) population planning problems and objectives; (5) education in relation to subsistence lifestyle; and (6) the cultural planning process and its impact. (ALL)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Community Services Administration (DHEW), Washington, DC.; Friends of the Earth Foundation, San Francisco, CA.; Alaska State Dept. of Community and Regional Affairs, Juneau.
Authoring Institution: Yupiktak Bista, Yukon-Kuskokwim, AK.
Identifiers: Alaska; Cultural Maintenance; Subsistence Lifestyle; Yukon; Yupik Eskimos
Note: Illustrations will not reproduce.