ERIC Number: ED326328
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990
Reference Count: N/A
A Historical Review of Early Intervention.
Kunesh, Linda G.
The separate yet related fields of early childhood education, compensatory education, and early childhood special education have formed the roots of early intervention. All three fields have contributed to the formation of a rationale for early intervention. This paper traces the history of early intervention. The first section reviews four movements in early childhood education: (1) the kindergarten movement; (2) the Montessori movement; (3) the nursery school movement; and (4) the day care movement. The second section reviews the history of compensatory education pertinent to young children. Early childhood special education is reviewed in the third section. The fourth (and final) section reviews the contributions of selected theorists and researchers that have provided the bases for a rationale for early intervention and have influenced the three fields of education mentioned above. It is argued that the events and individuals discussed have paved the way for what is now considered a "Zeitgeist," that is, the trend of thought and feeling that early intervention is indeed a viable strategy for reducing or eliminating the risk of academic failure for large numbers of children. A list of 173 references is included. (Author/RH)
Descriptors: Compensatory Education, Day Care, Early Childhood Education, Early Intervention, Educational History, Educational Theories, Kindergarten, Montessori Method, Nursery Schools, Special Education, Young Children
North Central Regional Educational Laboratory, 295 Emroy Avenue, Elmhurst, IL 60126 (Order Number ECE-903, $4.00).
Publication Type: Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: North Central Regional Educational Lab., Elmhurst, IL.
Identifiers: Montessori Schools; Research Results