ERIC Number: ED326315
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Curriculum Implications for Using Computers with Pre-Readers. What Are the Socializing Aspects?
Schmitt, Dorren Rafael
Three high-achieving and three low-achieving 4-year-olds attending prekindergarten at a private elementary school in New Orleans, Louisiana were studied as they interacted with computers in dyads. Subject pairs were composed of one high- and one low-achiever and varied according to sex: boy/boy, boy/girl, and girl/girl. Qualitative methods of ethnographic observations and informal interviews were used to investigate ways in which the children reacted to and used computers while they used the Shapes, Opposites, Numbers, and ABC programs of the Stickybear series to learn classroom lessons. Findings in the areas of domains, components, and themes are reported. Domains identified were kinds of verbalizations, ways of exploration, the process of coping with lack of attention, and information about the computer. Different types of talk were organized taxonomically to determine directions taken in conversations. Component analysis identified attributes of the four domains. Data indicated that students used exploring and questioning behaviors and talked with each other, with adults, and to the computers. Concluding discussion addresses two research issues: prereaders' difficulties in using computers and implications of the use of computers with prereaders for curricula. Contains 22 references. (RH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Mid-South Educational Research Association (New Orleans, LA, November 1990).