ERIC Number: ED326302
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990
Reference Count: N/A
The Case for Mixed-Age Grouping in Early Education.
Katz, Lilian G.; And Others
In six brief chapters, mixed-age grouping of young children in schools and child care centers is explored and advocated. Chapter 1 defines mixed-age grouping, examines limitations of single-age grouping, and points out positive characteristics of mixed-age classes. Chapter 2 discusses social development as seen in children's interactions in mixed-age groups. Various studies are cited that focus on how children perceive one another and adapt their behavior and expectations accordingly, how children exhibit specific prosocial behaviors in mixed-age situations, and how children's group participation varies. Chapter 3 reviews studies on the cognitive effects of mixed-age grouping, concluding that psychologists and educators do not yet fully understand how mixed-age interaction affects cognitive development, and calling for more research on the interactive processes involved and the teacher's role in them. Chapter 4 discusses two strategies for mixed-age learning: peer tutoring and cooperative learning. Chapter 5 describes examples of successful implementation of mixed-age programs, including a 2-year kindergarten at the University of Northern Iowa's Malcolm Price Laboratory School, and the Fajans School in Sweden where elementary school-age children were not grouped by age or ability. Chapter 6 addresses four basic questions about implementing mixed-age grouping. A brief section giving conclusions and recommendations is provided, followed by 63 bibliographic citations and appended suggestions for teachers working with mixed-age groups. (RH)
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Cooperative Learning, Day Care, Early Childhood Education, Guidelines, Heterogeneous Grouping, Literature Reviews, Mixed Age Grouping, Nongraded Instructional Grouping, Peer Teaching, Preschool Education, Program Descriptions, Program Implementation, Social Development, Tutoring
National Association for the Education of Young Children, 1834 Connecticut Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC 20009-5786 (NAEYC Publication No. 333, $6.00).
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; ERIC Publications; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education, Urbana, IL.; National Association for the Education of Young Children, Washington, DC.
Note: Supersedes ED 308 991.