ERIC Number: ED326295
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Mar-28
Reference Count: N/A
Peer Influences in Early Childhood Painting.
Yeatman, June; Reifel, Stuart
In an effort to clarify some of the problems educators have in understanding children's play behavior, a half-hour-long episode of two 4-year-old girls playing with newsprint, paints, and brushes at an easel is described. The episode showed how ephemeral yet recognizable play can be. The idea of countours is used to describe play behavior in its interactive entirety. In the 30-minute period, the two girls explored the play environment, prepared and explored materials, engaged in representational play, and became involved in dramatic play and a game with rules. They then returned to exploration and representational depiction. One would expect the easel to be used for symbolic representation and exploration with paint; however, the easel also served as the location for many types of play. The children moved quickly and fluently in and out of different types of play. Interruptions and conflicts did not fragment the playing; they simply contributed to a different shape for the play. Although educators should discern when children are solitary or cooperative, exploring or representing, pretending or not pretending, categorization alone is not sufficient. The existence of fluid transformations that can be seen over the course of play sequence suggest the challenge to teachers that play can provide, as well as the potential of play for learning and development. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, March 27-31, 1989).