ERIC Number: ED326288
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Nov-16
Reference Count: N/A
The Relationship of Academic Self-Concept to Persistence or Lack of Persistence of Disabled and Non-Disabled Students in a Small Rural Community College.
Cooper, Carol W.; Michael, William B.
Nationally, disabled persons have more than twice the college drop-out rate and only half the attendance rate of the non-disabled population. In 1990 a study was conducted at Gavilan Community College to investigate the relationship of five self-concept constructs to students' academic ability, persistence, disability status and other selected variables. The constructs, assessed by the Dimensions of Self-Concept Test (DOSC), were the students' level of aspiration, level of anxiety, academic interest and satisfaction, leadership and initiative, and identification versus alienation. Persistence was measured by successive enrollment beyond one semester. The total sample consisted of 243 students enrolled in orientation classes during the fall semester of 1989 of whom 91 students were identified as disabled. From this first sample, a second sample consisting of 72 disabled and 96 non-disabled persisters was obtained after the first census day of spring semester 1990. Three major conclusions were drawn from the study. First, the differences between disabled and non-disabled students who were persisters or non-persisters among the five constructs of academic self-concept were negligible. Second, no appreciable differences in persistence of disabled or non-disabled students were evident in relation to gender, age, or ethnicity. Finally, the study findings suggest that academic self-concept at the levels manifested in "at-risk" groups might not be as much of a contributing factor to persistence as has been previously suggested in the research literature. (JMC)
Descriptors: Academic Persistence, Community Colleges, Comparative Analysis, Dropout Research, Exceptional Persons, Learning Disabilities, Physical Disabilities, Rural Schools, School Holding Power, Self Concept, Self Concept Measures, Self Esteem, Special Programs, Two Year College Students, Two Year Colleges
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Gavilan Coll., Gilroy, CA.
Identifiers: Dimensions of Self Concept