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50 Years of ERIC
50 Years of ERIC
The Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) is celebrating its 50th Birthday! First opened on May 15th, 1964 ERIC continues the long tradition of ongoing innovation and enhancement.

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ERIC Number: ED324327
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Jul
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Characteristics Which Differentiate Criterion-Referenced from Norm-Referenced Tests.
Klein, Thomas W.
Characteristics that distinguish criterion-referenced tests from their norm-referenced counterparts are discussed, including: the purposes that they are designed to serve; the characteristics of the types of items that they contain; and the manner in which they are developed. More specifically, the distinguishing characteristics include: reference for measurement; information obtained; homogeneity of item difficulty; standards of performance; distribution of outcomes; and item format. A critical difference is the reference for measurement. For criterion-referenced tests, the reference of measurement is the existence of the behavior of interest. The criterion-referenced test assesses whether or not the individual possesses the skill. The qualitative distinction about performance is optimal for assessing specific or minimum competencies. The reference for measurement for norm-referenced tests is the distribution of outcomes in a representative normative sample. The question asked is how the individual performs relative to others from the reference population. Performance standards are arbitrarily imposed on the norm-referenced measure. Normative tests are optimal when the entire range of knowledge or skill is of interest. These differences are summarized in a table. (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Nevada State Dept. of Education, Carson City. Planning, Research and Evaluation Branch.
Identifiers: N/A