ERIC Number: ED322750
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
The Role of National Stereotypes in Intercultural Communication.
The issue of the expansion of international interaction and cultural stereotypes, and their effect on the levels of communicative competence and the willingness to participate in international cooperation is addressed. One specific form of national stereotype, the reflected autostereotype, is described. An examination of reflected autostereotyping is made using the Finnish society and its overall relationship with Swedish society as an example of how cultural stereotyping, usually showing up in national languages, inhibits effective communication and stifles cooperation and coexistence. Some study results are revealed that indicate that Finns, because of their anticipation of negative outcomes from communications with foreigners, avoid such contacts. Other evidence points to a general weakness of the Finnish ego that would explain their stereotypes. The overall problems of Finnish intercultural skills, their perception of the self and their stereotypic prejudices against foreign cultures, are seen as not easily solvable. Behavior and attitude change are seen as key, but there is no established methodology to date that would appear to be effective enough or not burdened with many problems in implementation. (GLR)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Finland; Sweden
Note: Paper presented at the Meeting of the World Congress of Applied Linguistics (9th, April 15-21, 1990).