ERIC Number: ED322204
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Comparison of Three Draw-A-Person Scoring Systems for Young Children.
Harrison, Patti L.; And Others
Draw-A-Person (DAP) techniques are often used as developmental screening measures of non-verbal cognitive ability, particularly for young children who are being screened for possible early intervention services. The validity of the interchangeable use of three DAP scoring systems for kindergarten students was investigated by comparing scores and determining the relationship between the scores and predictive criterion measures of school aptitude and achievement. Subjects were 75 kindergarten students (42 females and 33 males) in a rural elementary school. Subjects were given the same instructions to draw a person, and results were scored by each of three systems: (1) the Goodenough-Harris Drawing Test of D. B. Harris (1963); (2) the McCarthy Draw-A-Child subtest of the McCarthy Scales of Children's Abilities (D. McCarthy, 1972); and (3) the Draw-A-Person scoring system of J. A. Naglieri (1988). In April of the children's first-grade year, 11 months after administration of the DAP tests, children were given the Stanford Achievement Test and the Otis Lennon School Ability test to establish predictive validity criterion data for the 60 subjects in the study who were still enrolled in the school. Results support a strong relationship between the scores of the three measures. However, there were significant differences in the mean scores, suggesting that different measures may result in different screening decisions. Results provide some limited support for the validity of the three measures in predicting later school ability and achievement. Three tables contain data from the study. (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Draw a Person Test; Goodenough Draw a Man Test; McCarthy Draw a Child Test; Naglieri Draw a Person Test
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Association of School Psychologists (San Francisco, CA, April 1990).