ERIC Number: ED315897
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Middle Level Education in California: A Survey of Programs and Organization.
Hough, David L.
The second in a four-phase research project, this report presents data from a stratified random sample of California middle schools using four grade span configurations (K-8, 6-8, 7-8, and 7-9). This phase, a pilot study, is designing a methodology to help researchers discriminate among the number, percentage, and types of programs offered by the various organizational patterns. The research is intended to assist policymakers confronted with implementation decisions regarding middle level programs. Report data were developed through telephone interviews; 37 schools participated, for a response rate of 92.5 percent. The middle school program components studied included personnel, curricular practices and offerings, clubs and activities, athletics, and facilities. Results showed that the needs of children "caught in the middle" ("transescents") must be considered in relation to studies and activity programs, the services offered, and certain intangible or "hidden" program elements (social interactions, teachers's implied actions, and physical environment effects). Numerous grade organization patterns have proved successful. What works in one location may not succeed in another. Only the school community can decide the "best" grouping. Future research should focus on program effectiveness relative to "transescents'" needs and to goals established by the individual school. Policymakers should explore various alternative programs and practice modifications, regardless of the grade spans adopted. (Eight references) (MLH)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: California Educational Research Cooperative, Riverside.