ERIC Number: ED309844
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Differences in Teaching between the Primary and Intermediate Grades.
Van Scoy, Irma J.
This paper reports research on differences between teaching in the primary and intermediate grades. Hypotheses concerning differences in teacher behaviors, teacher communications, grouping, teacher control, and types of materials were developed. Six 1st- and 2nd-grade classes and five 4th- and 5th-grade classes were observed for four 45-minute periods, yielding a total of 33 hours of data. In addition, observers, teachers, and five students from each of the 11 classes responded to vignettes depicting classroom situations. Subjects' responses were coded for teacher behaviors, goals, and instructional methods. Analysis of observational data yielded significant differences in five of the nine variations hypothesized. In comparison with teachers in intermediate grades, primary teachers used significantly greater numbers of sanctions, procedural communications, and teacher communications. Primary classrooms also used a greater proportion of small group instruction and concrete materials than did intermediate classrooms. Analysis of subjects' responses to vignettes clarified these findings and added further detail. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, March 27-April 1, 1989).