ERIC Number: ED307990
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Infant Temperament: Stability, Parental Concurrence, and Relations to Mother-Infant Attachment.
Moser, Margo H.; Denham, Susanne A.
A study of 37 middle-class families examined infant temperament in terms of stability over time, agreement between parents, and relations to mother-infant attachment. Results showed stability of activity level, orienting, and smiling from 6 weeks to 4 months of age, and a trend toward stability of soothability during this period. Stability was found for all measured temperament traits from 4 to 9 months. Orienting and soothability remained stable from 6 weeks to 9 months. Maternal and paternal perceptions of infant temperament were positively correlated for activity level, distress to limitations, distress to novel stimuli, and orienting. There was a trend toward significant positive correlations for infant smiling. Only in ratings of infant soothability were parents' assessments not related. When infants were grouped as easy or difficult, there were no significant effects of 6-week or 4-month temperament on 9-month maternal attachment to the infant. However, mothers felt significantly less attached to 9-month-olds rated as difficult and fearful. Mothers were less attached to first-borns above the median in distress to limitations and later-borns below the median. No significant relations were found between easy and difficult infant temperament measured at 6 weeks, 4 months, and 9 months and quality of infant attachment to the mother 1 year after delivery. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Soothability; Stability (Personal)
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Kansas City, MO, April 27-30, 1989).