ERIC Number: ED299435
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Mar-3
Reference Count: N/A
Marshall A. Hudson: Pioneer Adult Religious Educator.
In 1890, Marshall Hudson, a Syracuse (New York) crockery merchant, began a men's Bible class, called Baraca. The aim of the class was to make happy or bless every man who came into the circle, and the class tried to have an engagement with its members every night of the week. Men and women were encouraged to study in separate classes with separate rooms. The "secret service," a major ingredient in Hudson's classes, was a plan for the young men and women to pray at noon every day for the salvation of unconverted members. Hudson formed the Philathea Bible Class movement three years after beginning the Baraca class. Early classes were formed around a strong organization, an enthusiastic social life, and a spiritual focus. Very few historians recognized the existence of the adult class movement during the first part of this century. Though some credit is given to Hudson, it is only given because he began the movement. Apparently, the adult class movement flourished for 30 years (1890-1920) and then was absorbed into the various denominations. Its existence as an independent movement waned after that. Even now, however, many older churches, particularly on the Eastern seaboard, have a Baraca or Philathea Sunday School Class. The World-Wide Baraca Philathea Union still exists. (Appendixes include a tribute to Hudson written by Henrietta Heran, letters, and newspaper clippings.) (YLB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Hudson (Marshall A)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Association for Adult and Continuing Education (Tulsa, OK, November 1988). Some appendixes have partially illegible pages; photographs will not reproduce well.