ERIC Number: ED292362
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988
Reference Count: N/A
The Meaning of General Education: The Emergence of a Curriculum Paradigm.
Miller, Gary E.
An historical and conceptual analysis of general education in the United States is presented, comprising the following chapters: (1) transformation and the search for meaning (including a discussion of the concept of general education); (2) the classical curriculum confronts democracy (democratic pressures on the classical curriculum; the Yale report; the utilitarian curriculum; research, culture, and the emerging curricular crisis; the culture movement; other early attempts at reform; the social context); (3) the humanist approach to general education (the philosophy of humanism; the contemporary civilization program at Columbia; Alexander Meiklejohn and the experimental college; "general" versus "liberal" education: Robert Maynard Hutchins; the parting of the ways); (4) pragmatism, instrumentalism, and progressive education (the philosophy of pragmatism; Charles Sanders Peirce and the pragmatic maxim; William James and instrumental truth; John Dewey and the transformation of experience; John Dewey and the instrumentalist philosophy of education; progressive education); (5) instrumentalist approaches to general education: three case histories (Bennington College; Sarah Lawrence College; the General College, University of Minnesota); (6) the general education paradigm on the eve of World War II; (7) general education for democracy (a mobilized society; impact on higher education; the general education movement in postwar society; the President's Commission on Higher Education; general education and the community college; general education at Harvard; summary and conclusions); (8) general education for diversity (postindustrial higher education; social factors; students and general education; a resurgence of pragmatism; new approaches at Columbia; other innovations; new instrumentalist experiments; thematic and interdisciplinary programs; current concerns; trends and opportunities in general education); and (9) conclusions: the meaning of general education. A biographical note about the author an index, and 136 references are provided. (KM)
Descriptors: Academic Education, College Curriculum, Curriculum Development, Educational History, Educational Philosophy, Educational Theories, General Education, Higher Education, Humanistic Education, Liberal Arts, Postsecondary Education, Progressive Education
Teachers College Press, Columbia University, 1234 Amsterdam Avenue, New York, NY 10027 ($23.95).
Publication Type: Books; Historical Materials; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Instrumentalism; Pragmatism