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ERIC Number: ED290586
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of School Lunch Participation, Socioeconomic and Psychological Variables on Food Consumption of School Children.
Price, David W.; Price, Dorothy Z.
Estimates were made of the effects of school lunch participation and various socioeconomic, anthropometric, and psychological variables on the consumption of 20 food items by 8- to 12-year-old children. The study sample consisted of 845 school children in the State of Washington, stratified by ethnic group and by poverty level so that it contained a higher proportion of Black, Mexican American, and below-poverty children than existed in the state. The sample consisted of 436 White, 215 Black, and 194 Mexican American children. Explanatory variables examined included height and weight of the child, household size, income, assets, ethnic group, age, sex, food attitudes, geographic origin, nutritional concern and basic need level of the person in the household responsible for food preparation, whether or not the child had breakfast, and geographic location within the State of Washington. Children fully participating in the lunch program had a higher consumption of fluid milk, mixed dishes, canned vegetables, fats and oils, and sauces and toppings than nonparticipants. Full participants had a lower consumption of fresh fruit, bread and rolls, and cooked cereal. The question of whether these differences stem from school lunch participation or whether they stem from inherent differences in food consumption was examined. (JHZ)
Descriptors: Blacks, Breakfast Programs, Cultural Influences, Eating Habits, Economic Factors, Elementary Secondary Education, Followup Studies, Food, Low Income Groups, Lunch Programs, Mexican Americans, Nutrition, Poverty, Predictor Variables, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Socioeconomic Influences, Whites
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Administrators; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: Washington State Univ., Pullman. Coll. of Agriculture.
Identifiers: School Lunch Program; Washington