ERIC Number: ED288754
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987
Reference Count: N/A
Federal Funding of Discrimination: The Impact of Grove City College v. Bell.
Greenberger, Marcia D.; Beier, C. A.
Title IX, the only federal law intended to prohibit all aspects of sex discrimination in education, mandated that, if an institution received funds from the federal government, it could not discriminate in any of its activities. The Grove City v. Bell decision changed the focus of this law. Currently, an organization that receives federal funds in one department is free to discriminate in any other department that does not directly receive those funds. The government will not investigate claims of discrimination, and the courts will not decide if discrimination is actually occurring. Fourteen civil court cases are described in which claims were negatively affected or dismissed because of the Grove City decision. The Department of Education's Office of Civil Rights (OCR) has limited or suspended 63 claims because of the lack of direct federal funding and decreased its compliance reviews. Since the Grove City case, two key OCR administrative decisions have had negative effects on the following laws: (1) Title VI, race and national origin; (2) Title IX, sex discrimination; (3) Section 504 of the U.S. Code, handicapped students; and (4) the Age Discrimination Act. Nine of the 63 OCR claims are described, and a complete list of them is appended. (JHP)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Women's Law Center, Washington, DC.
Identifiers: Age Discrimination Act 1975; Department of Education; Grove City College v Bell