ERIC Number: ED284319
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Temporal Alteration Strategies in Older Speakers.
Benjamin, Barbaranne J.
Given that elderly adults depend more heavily on their ability to communicate as independent activity becomes more restricted, their ability to alter the supersegmental component of the message becomes crucial. A study investigated the ability of older speakers to alter their speaking rate and to determine the strategies used to accomplish rate variations. Subjects, twenty males and females between the ages of 69 and 82 years and twenty males and females between the ages of 23 and 32 years, were asked to repeat a nursery rhyme nine times: three times at a normal speech rate, three times at an autophonic rate judged by the speaker to be twice as fast as normal, and three times at a slow rate judged by the speaker to be one-half as fast as normal. Comparison of the results of young adult and older speakers in the normal rate task showed that older adults produced significantly fewer syllables per second than did the young adults. This finding supports previous studies that found that speaking rate declined in the elderly. Findings also showed that both age groups used similar strategies for altering their speech rate, but older adults were not as effective in increasing the speech rate and in reducing the pause length in the fast speaking condition. (References and a table of data are included.) (NKA)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Speech Functions; Speech Rate; Speech Research
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Speech Communication Association (73rd, Boston, MA, November 5-8, 1987).