ERIC Number: ED284162
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Dec-3
Reference Count: 0
Training Students in an Occupational Training Program to Self-Regulate Reading Comprehension.
Rush, R. Timothy; Milburn, James L.
A pilot study assessed the effects of training in self-awareness and self-regulation on the reading comprehension of students in a postsecondary occupational training program. Subjects, 11 students enrolled in a community college technical training program in welding, were given training sessions that provided practice in metacognitive methods through reciprocal teaching and four comprehension monitoring/regulating techniques--self-questioning, summarizing, predicting, and critical evaluation of text. During each intervention session, they were required to read a 1,000- to 1,500-word passage of expository technical prose. At the end of each session, subjects answered evaluation questions on a different 500-word passage of similar readability in another technical content area. Both a pretest and posttest were administered. The pretest mean ranked the group in the lowest three percent of college freshman, but the posttest mean was nearly double the pretest mean, placing the group in the lower quartile. Findings suggest that, although substantial growth in achievement was indicated, lack of a control group left no basis for comparison. Findings also suggest that the average achievement of the subjects on the pretest was low enough to indicate that regression to the mean contributed substantially to posttest improvement. (A table of data and references are appended.) (NKA)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Comprehension Monitoring; Metacomprehension; Reciprocal Teaching; Self Regulation
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Reading Conference (36th, Austin, TX, December 2-6, 1986).