ERIC Number: ED283119
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987
Reference Count: 0
School Dropouts in the United States.
Pallas, Aaron M.
Students who drop out of high school before graduating are of concern to families, educators, and policymakers. To obtain information on the scope of the dropout problem, three sources of national data were reviewed: (1) the Bureau of the Census' Current Population Survey; (2) the Center for Statistics' Common Core of Data; and (3) the Center for Statistics' High School and Beyond study. The results of the review revealed that calculation of dropout rates is difficult because of definitional and data problems. National data over time on the incidence of dropping out do not exist. Poor academic performance was found to be the best predictor of who drops out of school. Many young women cite marriage or pregnancy as reasons for dropping out, and students who are rebellious, delinquent, or chronically truant drop out at higher rates than do other students. Dropouts have more difficulty finding and holding jobs and earn less money than do high school graduates. An estimated 40% of high school dropouts return to the educational system and an estimated 30% of dropouts eventually receive a high school diploma or an alternative credential. These findings have implications for educational policy and research, especially in the area of dropout prevention/intervention programs and programs offering alternative high school credentials. (Data sources are described in detail in the appendix.) (NB)
Descriptors: Academic Failure, Delinquency, Dropout Characteristics, Dropout Rate, Dropouts, Employment Opportunities, High School Students, High Schools, Income, Potential Dropouts, Predictor Variables, Pregnancy, Reentry Students, Student Adjustment
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402 (Stock No. 065-000-00276-1).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Center for Education Statistics (ED/OERI), Washington, DC.