ERIC Number: ED282008
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Professional Socialization in Nursing.
Edens, Geraldine E.
Professional socialization is the process by which individuals acquire the specialized knowledge, skills, attitudes, values, norms, and interests needed to perform their professional roles acceptably. The following interacting domains of potential professional self-growth can be defined as outcomes of the socialization process: self-image, role concept, attitudes, values, and personality. An examination of professional literature on the issue of professional socialization in nursing that was written between 1956 and 1985 revealed that there has been no unified framework in which to study socialization. The sociological model advocated in the 1960s has not been empirically supported in nursing. Although it is difficult to generalize results since most of the studies pertaining to nursing were limited to one or two schools, the evidence suggests that changes toward professional growth do occur in some domains as a result of the educational process. Of the 24 change studies reported in the literature, 21 were conducted in baccalaureate degree programs and 3 in diploma programs. None were conducted in associate degree programs. Thus, little is known about the effect of the educational environment in associate degree programs on the professional socialization of the nurses graduating from them. Despite the considerable changes in society, the nursing profession, and nursing education that have occurred in the last 10 years, most socialization research was done over 10 years ago. More research is also needed on the factors that contribute to the similarities and differences among the types of socialization outcomes resulting from different types of educational programs. (MN)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Professional Socialization
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Research in Nursing Education Conference (San Francisco, CA, January 14-16, 1987).