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ERIC Number: ED279921
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: 0
Power and the Counseling Relationship.
Machell, David F.
Machell's Theory of Power was developed to provide students in organizational theory two formulas of relationships to apply to organizational situations and organizational power. Formula 1 indicates that the level of power of person A is determined by the level of dependency that person B has on person A; and that person A's power can be substantiated or changed by the use of Formula 2. In Formula 2, person A uses a stressor stimulus to illicit fear in person B, which fosters a realization of the fullness of person B's dependency on person A, therefore solidifying or increasing person A's power. The overuse of Formula 2 by person A may motivate person B to lessen his/her dependency on person A. When this occurs, person A may lose power over person B. These formulas can also be used in counseling situations, by either the counselor or the client. Since the level of dependency of one person on another helps to determine power, it is important to explore the issue of dependency in the counseling relationship. The use of this power formula in counseling situations partially redefines the notions of transference and countertransference. Counselors need to be aware of power structures in counseling situations. (NB)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Dependency (Personality)