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50 Years of ERIC
50 Years of ERIC
The Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) is celebrating its 50th Birthday! First opened on May 15th, 1964 ERIC continues the long tradition of ongoing innovation and enhancement.

Learn more about the history of ERIC here. PDF icon

ERIC Number: ED276103
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Apr
Pages: 28
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Institutionalization of Innovations: Knowing When You Have It and When You Don't. R&D Report 3220.
Hord, Shirley M.; Hall, Gene E.
Although vast numbers of educational innovations have been introduced into the nation's schools over the past 20 years, few have succeeded in effecting affective, behavioral, and cognitive student gains. Many recent studies have focused, therefore, on school change processes and the formulation of strategies for successful innovation implementation. These studies, however, have not formulated the means for determining if, or how, individual teachers have integrated innovation into their regular classroom practice. This paper offers a definition of institutionalization that addresses this problem, first by describing five subprocesses (assessment of present practices, response adoption, initiation, implementation, and institutionalization); then by offering a set of three vectors for describing innovation use (Stages of Concern, Levels of Use, and Innovation Configuration); and finally by explaining how these vectors can be used to determine if an innovation has become institutionalized. The paper concludes with implications for policy determination, intervention, and evaluation. A list of 27 references is appended. (IW)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners
Language: English
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Texas Univ., Austin. Research and Development Center for Teacher Education.
Identifiers: N/A
Note: In: School Improvement: Messages from Five Years o