ERIC Number: ED270173
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Mar-1
Reference Count: 0
The Causes of Student Absenteeism in Community College Classes.
McCutcheon, Lynn E.
In an era of declining enrollments, it is vital to identify potential causes of absenteeism and implement strategies for reducing it. A study was conducted at the Annandale Campus of Northern Virginia Community College (NVCC) to identify factors related to absenteeism. A survey instrument listing 51 reasons for missing class was developed and distributed to 416 students attending social science classes during fall 1985. Students were asked to indicate the extent to which each reason accounted for their absences during the quarter. Study findings, based on 402 usable responses, identified six factors affecting student attendance: (1) negative perceptions of the professor and the course; (2) irresponsible pursuit of leisure; (3) fatigue associated with excessive socializing; (4) low attendance incentives; (5) potential academic dropout; and (6) external responsibilities. Based on study findings, recommendations were made for dealing with absenteeism, including shorter courses, frequent role calling and testing, and immediate feedback on tests and projects. Additional recommendations were also developed including personalizing courses, offering rewards for attendance and sanctions for absenteeism, and providing two or more sections of the same course on the same day. The survey instrument is appended. (EJV)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Northern Virginia Community College
Note: Abbreviated version of an Ed.D. Major Applied Research Project report, Nova University.