ERIC Number: ED256062
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Mar-8
Reference Count: 0
Legal Aspects of Evaluation.
Rapp, James A.
From a legal perspective, teacher evaluations can be a school's most valuable tool when administrators need to pursue or defend personnel actions. The first step in a practical evaluation process is to determine the evaluation's purpose, and the second is to determine what is to be evaluated. Evaluations should focus on factors that actually affect teaching competence and that can be evaluated without denying constitutional rights. The third step is to select suitable evaluation methods. Nonobjective criteria might not be acceptable in some cases, and the National Teacher Examinations have failed to meet court tests in some situations. The fourth step is to select a qualified evaluator. Fifth, the evalaution process must be publicized and implemented. Administrators must make sure their evaluations will be useful by including narrative descriptions of substantive facts as well as comments on how unsatisfactory performance can be improved. Evaluation procedures should incorporate the provision of notice of deficiencies to teachers, avoidance of several possible discriminatory practices, and protection of confidentiality. A checklist of evaluation procedures, a humorous test reviewing points made in the document, and a suggested evaluation policy for school board adoption complete the document. (PGD)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Administrators; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: National Teacher Examinations
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Association of School Administrators (117th, Dallas, TX, March 8-11, 1985).