ERIC Number: ED256003
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985
Reference Count: N/A
Educational Research and Educational Change: The Case of Sweden.
Lundgren, Ulf P.
In the history of the scientific approach to educational issues in Sweden, educational research has been viewed as a scientific activity either because it is based in scientific institutions, because it uses scientific procedures, or because it is seen as a process of mapping reality. Initially, the creation of a specific discipline of education was legitimated by the need for a scientific basis for teacher education. The use of educational research in the comprehensive reorganization of Swedish schools demonstrated its value in the public sphere and secured increased funding for an institutional structure for educational research. The tradition of large-scale, empirical, statistical psychological studies for which Sweden is internationally known was thus established. Research activity extended further, however, to include evaluation and development, the implementation of organizational reforms, and the creation of new teaching materials on an individualized learning model. More recently, the positivist assumptions in the traditional Swedish model of research have been challenged by social and pedagogical problems, new perspectives from sociology, and financial cutbacks. The thread of continuity throughout recent changes is the legitimation of educational research as a rational basis for decision-making in education. (PGD)
Descriptors: Educational Change, Educational History, Educational Research, Foreign Countries, Research Problems
Not available separately; see EA 017 423.
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Research Trends; Sweden
Note: In: Research, Policy and Practice. World Yearbook of Education 1985. New York, Nichols Publishing Company, 1985. p218-30, (EA 017 423).