ERIC Number: ED255879
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Cooperative Learning: An Innovative Approach to Teaching Reading Theory and Practice.
Cox, Juanita; And Others
Much of the variation in achievement in college classrooms can be eliminated through the use of cooperative learning groups similar to those that have been used successfully in the elementary school setting. The group succeeds when every member succeeds--success meaning mastery of the concept or problem being posed. Its use in reading methods classes increases overall student achievement of the subject and gives students a thorough knowledge of the methodology and management of cooperative groups through direct experience. The teacher's role in the use of such groups is to (1) determine the size of the cooperative learning groups, (2) randomly assign students to groups, (3) set the proper environment, (4) encourage participation of all group members, (5) provide assignments that have a clear goal structure, (6) create learning situations that promote a sense of positive interdependence, (7) monitor the groups and intervene when necessary, and (8) evaluate the learning by giving feedback about the quality of the work and by using a criterion-referenced evaluation system. Through the group process, students approach the actual teaching of children with more confidence--secure in the fact that not only the college instructor, but their peer group as well, is pulling for them and standing by to help with any problems that arise. (A sample plan for a cooperative learning group in a reading methods class is included.) (HOD)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Cooperative Learning
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the College Reading Association (28th, Washington, DC, October 26-28, 1984).