ERIC Number: ED255850
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Mar
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Applicant Attractiveness, Managerial Attributes and Gender on Executive Employment Decisions.
Best, Bethia J.; Spector, Paul E.
Although it has been shown that physical attractiveness is an advantage to male applicants for managerial positions, it is not clear whether attractiveness is an advantage or disadvantage to female applicants for these jobs. Male (N=25) and female (N=22) business administration students were asked to simulate selection decisions for a high level managerial job by ranking applicants who varied according to sex, physical attractiveness and managerial characteristics. The results indicated no significant differences in hiring decisions between male and female or graduate and undergraduate subjects. Strong main effects were found for managerial characteristics while modest main effects were found for attractiveness. Applicants with managerial characteristics perceived as jointly ascribed to successful managers and men (leader ability, aggressiveness, emotional stability) were chosen significantly more often than those with characteristics jointly ascribed to successful managers and women (intuitiveness, humanitarian values, awareness of others' feelings). Attractive applicants were ranked significantly higher than unattractive applicants. There were no sex effects or significant interactions. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Physical Attractiveness
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association (30th, New Orleans, LA, March 28-31, 1984).