ERIC Number: ED255834
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Social Support: Interrelationships between Type, Source, and Satisfaction.
Caldwell, Robert A.; And Others
Social network analysis suggests that there may be important interactions between the source of support and the type of support offered. An alternative scoring procedure was designed for the Social Support Questionnaire (SSQ) to examine the relationships betwen social network structure, types of social support, and determinants of support satisfaction. Undergraduates (N=198) responded to questions presenting situations for which people might need support and listed those people whom they could rely on for support, their relationship to those people, and their rating of satisfaction with the support they receive. The SSQ was scored to yield the number of social network members in different relationship categories for each of the support eliciting questions. Subjects' social networks consisted of nuclear family, other family, friends, and others. Satisfaction with support was positively related to the proportion of the network occupied by nuclear family, and negatively related to the proportion of friends in the network. Students did not turn to different network sectors for different types of social support. This investigation found a significant difference in results depending upon method of analysis, suggesting that researchers interested in studying the relationships between social network characteristics, type of social support, and support satisfaction might productively analyze the nature of the specific relationships in each subject's supportive network. (NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Satisfaction; Social Support Questionnaire
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (92nd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August 24-28, 1984).