ERIC Number: ED255806
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Aug
Reference Count: 0
A Multimethod Assessment of Holland's Congruency: The Expectancy and Multidimensional Scaling Routes.
Mazen, A. Magid
Holland's (1973) theory of vocational choice proposes a typology of, and a match between, people and occupations. The Self Directed Search (SDS) can be used to assess people's occupational orientation types. To assess the construct validity of Holland's theory of occupational preferences, 171 female industrial workers participated in a study, using the SDS, Vroom's expectancy valence (E-V) model, and a multidimensional scaling (MDS) algorithm. The subjects represented four typical female occupations, and two typical male occupations. Analyses were performed to test the congruencies between the women's types of occupational choices (where they currently worked) and their personality types and occupational preferences, as derived from the SDS, E-V, and MDS. Results showed that the E-V produced a congruency of personality and occupational type more than double the size produced by the SDS. The MDS identified the closest and second closest occupations to the ideal preference of each subgroup. The findings lend moderate support for Holland's congruency hypothesis, using any of the three methods. (Implications for counselors in using the three methods in client assessment and counseling are discussed.) (MCF)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Counselors; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Hollands Theory of Occupational Choice; Self Directed Search; Vroom Expectancy Theory
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (92nd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August 24-28, 1984).